DISEASES AND CONDITIONS
The more you know about your heart condition, the better prepared you will
be to maintain your heart health and avoid a critical heart event. Saint
Francis strives to stay up-to-date on the latest cardiac diseases and
conditions. The following information describes various heart conditions
and the symptoms that we diagnose and/or treat.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Acute Coronary Syndrome occurs when blood supply to the heart is suddenly
blocked. It is a medical emergency and chest pain is its main symptom.
Angina is chest pain that is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm.
Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries due to plaque build up
inside of the arteries.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)
Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a quivering, irregular heartbeat that may
cause stroke and other heart-related complications.
Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops working. It is a medical
Cardiomyopathy is an enlarged heart muscle. As the heart gets larger,
it becomes weaker.
Congenital Heart Defects
Congenital heart defects are heart conditions that occur due to heart
abnormalities present at birth. These defects can affect any part of the
heart and can often be treated with surgery.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease refers to a buildup of plaque in the arteries
of the heart. It can lead to a heart attack.
A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is dramatically reduced.
This loss of blood flow can cause portions of the heart muscle to die.
A heart block occurs when the electrical signal that causes the heart
to pump is interrupted or stopped.
Heart failure occurs when the heart is significantly weakened so that
it can no longer adequately supply the body's cells with oxygen. Fatigue
and shortness of breath make everyday activities difficult.
Infective (bacterial) Endocarditis
Infective endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. It
may be caused by bacteria and can lead to complications such as heart
valve destruction and congestive heart failure.
Inherited Rhythm Disorders (IRDs)
Inherited Rhythm Disorders (IRDs) cause irregular heart beats. IRDs can
be managed with medication and other treatments.
Long QT Syndrome (LQTS)
Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is a heart rhythm disorder that may cause rapid,
chaotic heartbeats. These rapid heartbeats may lead to sudden fainting,
seizure or death.
Pericarditis is the inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart.
Valve disorders involve problems with the valves that regulate blood flow
throughout the heart. In general, valves either harden or leak.